Key figures of maritimetransport in Finland
During 2020, the goods volume of foreign sea transport totalled 96.0 million tonnes. Sea transport went down by five per cent from the year before. Exports fell by six per cent and totalled 50.2 million tonnes. Imports went down by four per cent and amounted to 45.8 million tonnes. Transit transport made up nine per cent, or 8.4 million tonnes. The transport performance of foreign sea transport totalled 211.7 billion tonne-kilometres.
General cargo was transported most, 16.5 million tonnes, followed by 11.3 million tonnes of crude oil. The most imported type of goods was crude oil, which represented 25 per cent of all goods imported by sea. Oil products, general cargo and paper were exported most. These types of goods form 46 per cent of all goods exports in sea transport.
The busiest ports for goods transport were Sköldvik, HaminaKotka, Helsinki, Kokkola and Naantali.
The coronavirus pandemic had a strong impact on the number of passengers in foreign shipping traffic, which fell by 65 per cent compared with 2019. The number of passengers travelling through Finnish ports was 6.7 million in 2020. 90 per cent of all passengers transported by sea travelled on routes to Estonia and Sweden.
You can find more statistics from Statistics Finland.
Import and Export
- About 90% of Finnish import and export is transported by sea.
- The passenger ships transport up to 50% of piece goods imports and 60% of exports.
- Passenger ships transport 31% percent of total export and 26% of total import to Sweden
- 90% of export and import to Estonia is transported by passenger ships.
Emissions from seafaring
- The international maritime organization IMO has decided to cut greenhouse gas emissions from shipping by 50% by the year 2050.
- 90% of goods worldwide are transported by sea and they produce 2,6% of emissions.
- The carbon oxide emissions of a large containership are 3g/tkm.
- The carbon oxide emissions of a cargo ship are 7,7 g/tkm.
- Respectively the emissions per plane are 435 g/ tkm and 80g/tkm per lorry.
European Key Figures
Tiina Tuurnala is the Chief Executive Officer of the Finnish Shipowners’ Association.
+358 40 5476762