New maritime cybersecurity guidelines for shipping companies and vessels

9. September 2021

The Finnish Shipowners’ Association and the Maritime Transport Pool, which is part of the National Emergency Supply Agency, have published guidelines for shipping companies and vessels on best practices in cybersecurity. The guidelines are based on a comprehensive maritime cybersecurity report prepared jointly.

The significance of cybersecurity in maritime transport has become increasingly important due to increased cybersecurity threats. Digitalisation can improve the efficiency and safety of maritime operations, but at the same time we need to tackle data security and cybersecurity risks.

The ever-evolving shipping industry is increasingly automated and vessels are equipped with various integrated systems that are connected via telecommunication links to, for example, the shipping company’s organisation, operators and service providers. The use of information technology on board vessels has also increased through social networking and services for passengers.

Internet-based systems and data transmission are vulnerable to data breaches and cyber-attacks that disrupt operational systems. It is therefore essential that cybersecurity is properly managed to protect ships, crew and cargo from potential cybersecurity threats. Attacks may target not only the vessel or shipping company, but also their client companies or the entire supply chain.

The report prepared in early 2021 is partly based on surveys and interviews with shipping companies and individual merchant vessels. The report also draws on information from the National Cyber Security Centre as well as existing studies and guidelines. The report was prepared by Deductive Labs Ab. The best practices highlighted in the report have been compiled into easy-to-understand guidelines for use by shipping companies and vessels.

The report and the guidelines have now been published in electronic format on the websites of both the Finnish Shipowners’ Association and the National Emergency Supply Agency. Paper versions of the documents will be printed during autumn 2021.

  1. Maritime Cyber Security Report – Maturity of the Finnish Merchant Fleet
  2. Maritime Cyber Security – Best Practices for Vessels
  3. Maritime Cyber Security – Best Practices for Shipowners


Additional information:

Juha Savisaari, Pool Secretary, Maritime Transport Pool

+358 40 520 1694,

Sinikka Hartonen, Senior Advisor, Finnish Shipowners’ Association

+358 40 732 3164,

Juha Savisaari
Maritime Transport Pool secretary

Juha Savisaari serves as Maritime Transport Pool secretary in the Security Assurance Organization.
+358 520 1694